Mar 26 2019
I actively give back to local and global charities through my company and I know many of you do as well. In that spirit, I wanted to provide you with some changes that have been put into place regarding tax laws that may affect the way you gift to your favorite non-profits. If you are a non-profit, it is good to keep up with changing tax laws when asking for support.
With the 2017 Tax Jobs Act, many more taxpayers will be using the standard deduction instead of itemizing. As a result, individuals who are used to charitable write-offs may no longer see a tax benefit from their contributions. This puts contributing to Donor Advised Funds (DAFs) and Qualified Charitable Distributions (QCDs) in a new light.
Donor-Advised Funds (DAFs)
You may also consider front-loading your charitable contributions while compounding your charitable impact, by contributing to a Donor-Advised Fund (DAF). One of the biggest advantages of a DAF from a strategic tax planning perspective is their flexibility: you make donations to the account and receive immediate tax benefits for doing so.
You receive the deduction in the year the contribution is made, with no expiration on when the contribution must be made to the charity of choice. In fact, there is currently no set time frame during which you must pay out the funds. The donation you make can grow in the donor-advised fund account indefinitely or be distributed right away. Think of this as your charitable savings account where donors can contribute to the fund as frequently as they like and make grants to their favorite charity when they are ready.
Donor-advised funds, like Schwab Charitable, – the 6th largest in the world – are recognized by the IRS as a tax-exempt public charity or 501(c)(3), thus are eligible to receive tax-deductible charitable contributions. However, donations to DAFs are not eligible as a QCD.
Additionally, the 2017 Tax Jobs Act created higher standard deductions for taxpayers, making it less efficient to write off charitable donations. Instead of donors bunching their donations every other year to get over the standard deduction threshold and causing a feast or famine cycle for charities they can qualify for a current year, itemized deduction and grant to charities on their own timetable by donating to a DAF.
DAFs might be useful for people who want to donate appreciated stock, mutual funds, exchange-traded funds, or other securities.
Assets generally accepted include:
- Cash equivalents
- Publicly traded securities
- Certain restricted, controlled, or lock-up stock
- Mutual fund shares
- Bitcoin shares
- Private equity and hedge fund interests
- Real estate
- Certain complex assets, such as privately held C- and S-Corp shares
Donor-advised fund tax deductions include up to 60% of adjusted gross income for cash donations and up to 30% for securities. Whether the donation is securities, cash or both, you must itemize in order to take the deduction.
Qualified Charitable Distributions (QCDs)
Individuals claiming the standard deduction can still get a tax break for giving to charity, just so long as they are 70½ or older and transferring the funds from a traditional IRA directly to a qualified charity.
The QCD allows an individual to transfer funds from a traditional IRA directly to a qualified charity without the money being added to their adjusted gross income. If you are 70 ½ and have not yet taken your Required Minimum Distribution (RMD) for the year, then it can count toward your RMD for that year.
One of the most important caveats is that these distributions must be made directly to a qualifying charity. If it is distributed to an individual taxpayer first, then it will be considered a taxable event.
Many brokerage firms now allow individuals to order checks on their IRA accounts so that checks can be written and mailed directly to these charities. This is very convenient; however the taxpayer must be certain that the charity has cashed the check before the end of the year.
Always get a receipt from the charity for tax reporting purposes. The charity must be a 501(c)(3) organization. Individuals, private foundations and donor-advised funds do not qualify as recipients. There is also a cap on the amount that can be gifted income tax free each year at $100,000 ($200,000 for spouses filing jointly).
If neither of these options suit your gifting needs, please keep in mind you may gift up to $15,000 ($30,000 for spouses) per individual recipient in 2019. These gifts can be made tax-free either by check, transfer of funds, wire transfer or direct deposit into a 529 account.
Here’s to happy giving!
The Sustainable Endowment was written for executives and board members of small- to mid-size U.S.-based nonprofits, charities, or foundations. Running a nonprofit requires specialized knowledge and skills, especially regarding foundation management and investing your endowment so it remains sustainable for years to come.
This book walks you through the basics and best practices of what you need to know to be successful.
Mar 19 2019
Our Strategy for a Good Year Regardless
The recent advance in stock prices has been stellar and has caught most investors by surprise. The biggest mystery surrounding the recent rally is the lack of any signs that the economy or corporate profit picture is improving. In fact, during the last two months, economic data points both here and abroad continue to show signs of slower than expected growth, while corporate profit growth targets have been unable to meet previously lowered guidance. If economic growth and corporate profits drive stock prices (which is how it’s always been) how can one explain the market strength in recent months? Is the stock market indicating that the recent global slowdown will be over sooner than we think? Or is the recent rally based on overly enthusiastic investors simply participating in an all-too-common case of chasing stock prices in a bear market rally? Let’s take a look at both scenarios and provide you with an update on our strategy going forward, and why we are optimistic about your portfolio’s performance as the year progresses.
As a reminder investing aggressively in the face of a significantly slowing economy and deteriorating corporate profit environment is risky business. It is during these types of circumstances that investors have historically been hurt most – think of past bear markets (2008 or 2001) that started in a similar fashion – hence our more careful approach in recent months.
Was all of the “bad news” already in the price of stocks back at the December lows?
We are just weeks away from corporations reporting their earnings for the first quarter of this year, which should be very telling. Included in this data will be the impact of the long US government shutdown and the negative affect it had on consumers and business spending during those three months. These upcoming profit reports will likely be worse than the previous quarter, and far worse than comparisons to a year earlier. Maybe the recent market strength is a sign that both upcoming and future reports will not be as bad as originally suspected?
The Federal Reserve appears to be much more accommodating which is supportive for the market. Historically, stock markets often begin rising before profit growth improves (speculation by investors) and it is possible that we are witness to such a phenomenon at this point. If that is the case the market lows of December would not need to be revisited and the bull market will continue to be alive and well for now. Over the next few weeks we will be watching earnings and economic data points for confirmation that this is in fact true. If that is the case we will use any temporary weakness in stocks to become more invested.
A normal market correction is way overdue
Both bullish and bearish professional investors agree that we are way overdue for a normal correction in stock prices after such a strong rally and we would use that weakness (combined with a more supportive outlook) as an opportunity to reinvest. Upcoming negative earnings reports will probably be the catalyst of a normal correction. Though our most recent performance lags that of the market – largely due to our conservative stance – a normal correction (8-10%) would provide an opportunity for our performance to get back in line with markets (we are looking forward to that!) and set us up for a strong and profitable year. As mentioned in earlier Strategy Updates, we have a great list of stocks to redeploy for your portfolio. In the meantime you may have noticed that when we find companies that we feel are “special situations” or for some reason exceedingly undervalued, we will be selectively adding positions.
It is possible that all the bad news hasn’t been fully priced into stocks
The alternative and less optimistic case to the one described above is that stock prices at current levels are not priced correctly (too high) for the upcoming (negative) data on both economic growth and earnings. In this scenario stock prices would adjust downward, most likely closer to the lows of December and possibly lower. Though the recent market strength is encouraging, stock prices have failed to reach previous highs and, in some sectors, are nowhere near those levels. From a purely technical level (looking at charts) the market has struggled in recent weeks to make any serious progress which may be a sign of an upcoming correction or perhaps something worse. This is precisely the risk we want to avoid – hence our more conservative, less invested stance. Should markets decline into such a scenario please keep in mind that your portfolio would fare significantly better. As we have reminded investors, bad or “bear” markets don’t take long – months not years – but average declines are close to 40%. We want to ward against this type of loss by being less invested as we are today, but we also want to take advantage of the great bargains that become available after bear markets, which our more defensive posture will allow us to do.
It isn’t easy being less invested during a temporarily rising market. However, as a team, we have been here many times before and the outcome has sided with our patience. It is for that reason we feel that no matter the outcome of the market in the next few weeks and months, we are optimistic about your portfolio come year end.
As we are sure you are well aware, we did quite a bit of profit taking throughout 2018 which translated into capital gains of anywhere from approximately 2-4% of your portfolio value depending upon how long you have been a client. This was the “price” of our more defensive positioning and our strategy of “better to pay thousands in taxes, in an effort to save millions in market value” should the market get worse. This type of capital gain is rare – once in a market cycle or decade – so keep in mind we do not expect a similar occurrence for many years. As mentioned in previous Strategy Updates, we have set aside capital in your taxable accounts for these tax payments. (If your CPA has increased your 2019 quarterly payments due to your 2018 capital gains, please advise them that we expect relatively little taxable capital gains in 2019, and to readjust your 2019 quarterly payments accordingly.)
We hope this update finds you well. If you have experienced any changes in your finances or have questions please let us know. Thank you from all of us on the team for your continued confidence in our work.
Your team at Main Street Research.
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